When we say "Goodbye" we literally mean, "God be with you". The connection between 'good' and 'God' is Griceian in nature.
However, in Good Friday, the Griceian, qua smartest etymythologist, can go too far.
In "Good Friday", the theory, non-Griceian one, may be the boring one that 'good' means 'good'. Some are repelled by this seeing that it was the day when Jesus Christ was crucified. (Grice was C. of E., attended Clifton, and later joined Corpus Christi as a Fellowship student).
But, for all that R. M. Hare said about 'good', in this case, 'good' is just used to designate a day (or season) when some religious observance takes place.
The theory that "Good" in Good Friday IS a corruption of "God's Friday" remains valid in some Griceian quarters!
Popper subtitled the original Austrian version of his essay as being on the
theory of knowledge of 'modern natural science'. But surely since then
Popperians have proliferated and there's nothing qua falsificationism that
need to apply JUST to 'natural science'. There may be falsifications in
sociology, say, or in etymology.
According to Wikipedia (falsify
that!) the etymology or as I prefer
etymythology of 'Good Friday' has been
'contested'. According to some it means:
i. Today is God's
i.e. with 'good' being a 'corruption' of "God".
according to another theory -- call it Theory T2 -- 'good' just means
In the ps the quotations, as an exercise in Popperianism. I
falsifier would be to note the way Good Friday was referred to
started to be used to mean 'holy' (possibly "Holy Friday").
This would falsify
T1. And finding some manuscript where the monk wrote
"God's Friday" would
possibly falsify T2 (of course by corroborating T1,
but Popper cares a hoot
about corroboration, it would seem).
St. John Evangelist (Laud) 27 in C. Horstmann Early S.-Eng.
A-morewe, ase on þe guode friday, ase he deide on þe
1300 St. Brendan (Laud) l. 366 in C. Horstmann Early S.-Eng.
Þare heo gounnen bi-leue A-gode friday al þe
longue day for-to an ester
1325) Cursor Mundi (Vesp.) l.
17288 + 81
Vse we ay After heghe ful of þe moyne to take þe next friday,
And þat hald
we our gode friday.
1400) Mandeville's Trav. (Titus
C.xvi) (1919) 50
Þere is a lampe þat hongeth before the Sepulcre..&
on the gode Fryday it
goth out be himself.
1429 Mirour Mans
Saluacioune (1986) l. 2947
Thus myght doelfulle Marye say on the Gude
1532 T. More Confut. Tyndale in Wks. 651/2
golden frydayes, that is to wit, the frydaye nexte after Palme
the frydaye next afore easter day, and good fryday.
Shepheardes Cal. Feb. 30
So semest thou like good fryday to
1635 F. Quarles Emblemes v. vii,
Chear up, my soul..and
bear One bad good-friday, full mouth'd easter's
Conway Let. 24 May in Conway Lett. (1992) iv. 224
Since good fryday I
have not been able to goe abroad.
1738 H. Taylor Let. 19 Sept. in T.
Secker Corr. (1991) 18,
I shall officiate on Xtmas day & Good Fryday
according to Your Lordships
1791 J. Boswell Life
Johnson anno 1783 II. 444
On April 18, (being Good-Friday,) I found
him..drinking tea without milk,
and eating a cross-bun to prevent
1837 Times 24 Feb. 2/5
On last Holy Thursday or Good
Friday they were at the bakehouse of the
Sieur Montonnet to heat the
1859 G. A. Sala Twice round Clock (1861) 80
What becomes of
all the cold crossbuns after Good Friday?
1868 W. M. Campion & W.
J. Beaumont Prayer-bk. Interleaved (1876) 115
The term Good Friday is
peculiar to the English Church.
1928 Public Opinion 6 Apr. 325/1
The newspapers do not publish on Good Friday.
1991 J. Trollope
Rector's Wife vii. 87
The three-hour service on Good Friday, when Peter
liked the church quite
unadorned, with the crucifix above the altar
shrouded in black.
2010 Leicester Mercury (Nexis) 7 Apr. 15
Good Friday and that is a Bank Holiday.
1491 Mirk's Festialis (Caxton)
Our lorde Ihesu crist, that suffred for vs & all mankynde
on good friday
1563 Bp. J. Pilkington Burnynge of Paules
Church sig. C.viiiv,
Good fridaye masse.
1595 A. Copley Wits
Fittes & Fancies iii. 93
A Preacher in his good-friday
1663 J. Carleton Ultimum Vale 26
On Good-fryday night,
she would not go to Bed, she said, but be at her
White Protestant Englishman iv. §4. 285
If it was not consider'd as an
Object of divine Adoration, what means the
Good-Friday Service, and all the
1819 Scott Ivanhoe II. vii. 104
village girl at her first confession upon Good Friday eve.
Rev. July 81
All of these are represented in the Good Friday
1956 Life 2 Apr. 112/2 (caption)
Good Friday communion for
the congregation, long forbidden, is prepared by
Rev. Ellis Wulfers
carrying Blessed Sacrament under an umbrallino.
1961 J. Toland But not
in Shame v. xx. 316
Dirty clouds of smoke still rose to the left where
woods were smoldering
from the cataclysmic Good Friday
1992 St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Nexis) 16 Apr. 3 a,
Christ Church Cathedral (Episcopal), 1210 Locust Street, will have Good
Friday services at noon and 12:30 p.m.
2011 Liverpool Echo (Nexis)
21 Apr. 70
Evans will go straight into the Centurions squad for the club's
fixture with Barrow.
1623 G. Markham Countrey
Contentments, or Eng. Huswife (new ed.) vi. 223
Of these Gerts are
made the good Friday pudding.
1654 E. Gayton Pleasant Notes Don Quixot
i. v. 17
A piece of the groaning Cake, (as they call it) which she kept
with her Good Friday Bun, full forty good yeares.
Trial W. Smith in J. Blackburne Reg. Ingleby (1889) p. xxviii,
Arsenick in a Good-Friday Cake.
1825 W. Hone Every-day Bk. (1826) I.
In the houses of some ignorant people, a Good Friday bun is still
luck’, and sometimes there hangs from the ceiling a hard
of open crow-work, baked on a Good Friday, to remain
there till displaced
on the next Good Friday by one of similar
1876 F. K. Robinson Gloss. Words Whitby Pref. p. xii,
flour biscuits are made on Good Friday, to be kept as a year's supply
grating into milk or brandy and water to cure the diarrhœa; and with
in the centre, we have seen ‘Good Friday biscuits’ hanging from the
1905 B. Capes Jay of Italy iii. 27
He was none the
less savage against circumstances—vicious, desperate,
insolent with his
master, as cross all over as a Good Friday bun.
1945 Strand Mag. Apr.
96 (crossword clue)
A Good Friday cake that some hang up as a charm
against evil (3, 5, 3) [=
hot cross bun].
1998 Belfast News Let.
(Nexis) 31 Mar.
Confidently forecasting a Good Friday agreement, he [sc.
Mitchell] said: ‘I think I have enough experience to judge
when something is
1998 Press Jrnl. (Vero Beach,
Florida) 11 Apr. a15
President Clinton called the Good Friday agreement
‘the best chance for
peace in a generation.’
2001 B. Ahern in
Herald (Glasgow) (Electronic ed.) 2 Feb.
These are issues that are
extremely important for the peace and security of
everybody in Ireland and
to see the full implementation of the Good Friday
Church Times 10 Sept. 13/3
Since the Good Friday Agreement, increasing
numbers of Roman Catholics
serve in the Police Service of Northern
By uttering 'good Friday', the Griceian utterer
meant by 'good' that the
day designated one on which some religious
observance takes place.
1200 OE Confessor's Exhort. to Penitence
(Corpus Cambr. 190) in B.
Thorpe Anc. Laws & Instit. of Eng. (1840) II.
Ðeos tid cymð ymbe twelfmonað þæt ælc man sceal his scrift
Þonne hafa þu rihtne geleafan to Gode & to þysse godan
1500 in C. Brown Relig. Lyrics 15th Cent. (1939) 123 (MED),
Thre kyngys come on goid xij day.
1620 Hist. Frier Rush sig. B2v,
Vpon a good night, all the whole Convent assembled together in the
1654 J. Trapp Comm. Minor Prophets ii. 35
neither have holy-dayes nor good dayes (as they are called, Esth.
keep and celebrate.
1723 J. Barker Patch-work Screen for Ladies ii.
When Duty and good Days call'd me to Church, I thought I might find
some Compeeresses, or Persons of my own Stamp.
Visitor 421/1 Nov.
These three festivals or feasts are called good days or
they are set aside more for rejoicing than for deep
1902 Menorah Mar. 177
He remembers his childhood days,
the Jewish ‘good-days’, Sabbaths, the
2000 N. Kanellos Noche Buena 83
Christmas Eve, the Good
Eve, was the time for the patriarchal feast at the