The difference between obituaries and Wikipedia is that Wikipedia, like
Popper's W3 GROWS. So let's provide a running commentary on the
entry for Hintikka.
Hintikka was baptised Kaarlo Jaakko
So, strictly, his initials go:
Hintikka, K. J.
In this he is superior to
Grice, H. P. -- who only has TWO
Hintikka was "a Finnish philosopher and
This implicates that logicians are not philosophers.
Dictionary's entry for Grice is "British logician",
implicates he was not a philosopher. In fact he was not a
logician but a philosopher
of logic or philosophical logician if you
Hintikka was born in Helsingin maalaiskunta (now Vantaa).
The 'now' Vanta is important and interesting. Similarly, Baron Russell
born English (or Welsh) because that part of England (or Wales) where
had his family seat was then part of England (or Wales) to later become
of Wales (or England). So we can say that Russell was Welsh or English
After teaching for a number of years at Florida,
Stanford, Helsinki, and
the Academy of Finland, K. J. J. Hintikka became a
Professor of Philosophy at
He was familiar with the area
since he had been a Harvard fellow earlier in
in Marlborough, a charming little New England borough.
author or co-author of lots of books and essays, Hintikka
-- mathematical logic (his first love: recall his tutors were one
philosopher -- von Wright -- and one mathematical logician).
-- the philosophy of mathematics
epistemology -- or 'epistemics' and 'doxastics', as he preferred)
-- and the philosophy of science.
His works have
appeared in over nine languages, that is 10.
Hintikka is regarded as the
founder of formal epistemic logic and of game
semantics for logic.
"Game-theoretical" semantics, as Geary reminds us, 'is no game'. The
'game' is used figuratively, after Witters used the example of 'game'
disprove the idea of a family resemblance ("Do I have a family
with other members of the aristocratic Witters
Early in his career, K. J. J. Hintikka devised a semantics of
essentially analogous to Saul Kripke's frame
Kripke later got into a fight with Ruth Barcan Marcus about
-- No such polemic arose between Hintikka
K. J. J. Hintikka discovered the now widely taught semantic
independently of Evert Willem Beth.
'independently' is interesting from a Popperian point of view:
tableaux' are part of W3, but there are different rigid-designators
Hintikka and Beth attached to them.
Later, K. J. J. Hintikka worked
mainly on game semantics, and on
independence-friendly logic, known for its
"branching quantifiers", which he
believed do better justice to our
intuitions about quantifiers than does
conventional first-order logic.
Grice also had doubts about the correctness of the 'classical logic'
quantifiers and he developed special quantifiers to deal with slogans
"Every nice girl loves a sailor": One-at-a-time-sailor and
Hintikka did important exegetical work on
Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, Ludwig
Wittgenstein, and Charles Sanders Peirce
and he provided at least ONE
exegesis of Grice's logic of conversation in
Philosophical Grounds of
Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends (P. G.
R. I. C. E. for short). Grice was
supposed to provide a reply to Hintikka's
contribution, but he changed his
mind (Changing one's mind is accounted by
K. J. J. Hintikka in terms of
'semantic tableaux': Grice's tableau changed
from one where he wanted to provide
a reply to one where he did not).
Hintikka's work can be seen as a continuation of the analytic tendency
philosophy founded by Franz Brentano and Peirce, advanced by Gottlob
and Bertrand Russell, and continued by Rudolf Carnap, Willard Van
Quine, and by Hintikka's teacher Georg Henrik von Wright.
Wright brilliantly coined 'alethic' that Grice overuses in "Aspects of
Reason". In Finnish, 'Wright' is pronounced /rixt/.
wrote "The Principles of Mathematics Revisited", which takes an
stance comparable to that Russell made with his "The Principles
Mathematics" in 1903.
"The Principles of Mathematics Revisited" has been
compared (by Geary) to
Evelyn Waugh's "Brideshead Revisited" -- "only it's
not fictional," he adds.
Hintikka edited the academic journal "Synthese"
and was a consultant
editor for more than ten journals -- perhaps
Hintikka was the first vice-president of the Fédération
Sociétés de Philosophie, the Vice-President of the
de Philosophie, as well as a member of the American
Association, the International Union of History and
Philosophy of Science,
Association for Symbolic Logic, and a member of the
governing board of the Philosophy
of Science Association.
won the Rolf Schock prize in logic and philosophy "for his
contributions to the logical analysis of modal concepts, in particular
concepts of knowledge and belief".
Some say that Rolf Schock was a
Hintikka was president of the Florida Philosophical Association,
Florida -- the 'sunshine state'.
Hintikka was a member of
the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
-- where "Letters" is
"Humanities". Snow develops the distinction between
"Science" and "Letters"
in his "Two Cultures". The Norwegian Academy is
supposed to refute
A pretty complete bibliography of Hintikka is to be found in
Hintikka's essays include:
Belief – An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions.
possibly criticised this as it sees 'knowledge' as JTB (justified
Models for Modalities: Selected Essays
The intentions of
intentionality and other new models for modalities
The semantics of
questions and the questions of semantics: case studies in
interrelations of logic, semantics, and syntax
The Logic of Epistemology
and the Epistemology of Logic
Ludwig Wittgenstein: Half-Truths and
Lingua Universalis vs Calculus Ratiocinator
The Principles of Mathematics Revisited
Paradigms for Language
Theory and Other Essays
Language, Truth and Logic in Mathematics
Inquiry as Inquiry: A Logic of Scientific Discovery -- an echo of
Popper's more rotund, "THE logic of scientific discovery".
Socratic Epistemology: Explorations of Knowledge-Seeking by
Auxier, R.E., and Hahn, L., eds., The
Philosophy of Jaakko Hintikka (The
Library of Living Philosophers).
Open Court. Includes a complete bibliography of Hintikka's publications.
Bogdan, Radu, ed., Jaakko Hintikka, Kluwer Academic Publishers
Daniel Kolak, On Hintikka, Wadsworth -- there is a volume on Grice in
Daniel Kolak and John Symons, eds., Quantifiers,
Questions and Quantum
Physics: Essays on the Philosophy of Jaakko Hintikka
See also: Rudolf Carnap, Saul Kripke, Charles Sanders Peirce,
Orman Quine, Alfred Tarski, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Doxastic
Gruppe 3: Idéfag" (in
Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
Hintikka reveals love affair between his wife and JFK
Philosophy of language
Rolf Schock Prize laureates
Categories: 20th-century philosophers
philosophers Finnish philosophers Florida
University faculty Game theorists
Guggenheim Fellows Logicians Members of
the Norwegian Academy of Science and
Letters Foreign Members of the Russian
Academy of Sciences Modal
logiciansPeople from VantaaPhilosophers of
language Philosophers of mathematics Rolf
Schock Prize laureates