Some say that if you are going to write an essay for a festschrift, you should state that you don't allow any reprint of that essay elsewhere: to reprint a festschrift essay elsewhere kills the point of the festchrift. Yet. Strawson re-published his "if and -->' elsewhere, as did Hintikka his essay on the logic of conversation (in Kasher, Pragmatics). Both were intended for the Grice festschrift.
For the record, a commentary on the volume in the "Library of Living
Philosophers" series on Hintikka.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF JAAKO
This is VOLUME 30.
While his full name was K. J. J. H.,
Hintikka went most of the time by
Hintikka is recognized as
one of the handful of most creative,
comprehensive, and rigorous
His major contributions to philosophy range over a
very wide area, most
-- philosophy of science
-- history of philosophy.
this celebration, twenty-seven philosophers expound and criticise
of Hintikka's though, and he responds directly to each one of them with
elegance and precision.
The volume also contains Hintikka's
intellectual autobiography, as well as
a comprehensive, up-to-date
bibliography of all his published work.
Jaako Hintikka: Intellectual Autobiography
Simo Knuuttila: Hintikka's View of the History of
---- What are Hintikka's views on the history of philosophy?
He seems to
have had a fascination (via his mentor, von Wright, for
Witters, but he also
liked Aristotle, and always enjoyed the work of Grice
who was the cynosure
of everyone while Hintikka was at
Gabriel Motzkin: Hintikka's Ideas About the
History of Ideas
"The History of Ideas" is a chair in Oxford once held by
Berlin. By "Ideas"
we mean "Ideology". Not any idea does. "It was Joe's idea
to do it" does
not form part of the history of ideas, but Jefferson's views
On the Use and Abuse of
Logic in Philosophy: Kant, Frege, and Hintikka on
the Verb "To
--- This relates to the essay by Grice on "Aristotle on the
being". Grice, against G. E. L. Owen ("The snares of
that 'be' is uniguous. But Grice distinguishes
(a) Socrates izz rational.
(b) Socrates hazz a
Both come up as 'is' in Aristotle, but they
ESSAY IV: Judson C. Webb: Hintikka on Aristotelian
Intuitions, and Peircean Theorems
This is a
comprehensive view of Hintikka's take on Aristotle, Kant and
think he preferred Aristotle of all, and his last volume of Selected
is dedicated to Aristotle.
R.M. Dancy: Hintikka,
Aristotle, and Existence
This overlaps a bit with Essay III. "Existentia"
is not a word Aristotle
would use. He would use 'ousia'. Hintikka
distinguishes between 'existence'
(not a predicate for Kant) and
Aaron Garrett: The Method of the
Hintikka is, like Grice, an analytic philosopher; but unlike
Hintikka skips 'linguistic botanising' and goes straight to
Karl-Otto Apel: Speculative-Hermeneutic
Remarks on Hintikka's Performatory
Interpretation of Descartes's Cogito,
By 'performatory', Apel means 'performative' which is a lexical
item J. L.
Austin borrowed (but never returned from Scots law:
'operative'). The idea
is that when Descartes said what he did in French he
was doing things with
words. Some have argued, wrongly, that performatives
are neither true nor
false, and Hintikka thinks this may shed light on what
DID with his words.
Dagfinn Follesdal: Hintikka On
Phenomenology is not supposed to be analytic philosophy,
philosophy. The fat that Follesdal, who taught with
Hintikka at Stanford,
thinks that what Hintikka (an analytic philosopher)
says about phenomenology
(a branch of continental philosophy) is important
goes to show how arbitrary
(contra Woody Allen's recent film, "Irrational
man", after book by
Barrett) can be.
D. F. Pears with collaborator with H. P. Grice on work
in the philosophy of
action. A student at Christ Church (the most
prestigious college in
Oxford), Pears knows what he is saying. Robinson
Crusoe did have a private
language, UNTIL HE MET FRIDAY.
Mathieu Marion: Phenomenological Language, Thoughts, and Operations in
Hintikka had, via von Wright, a fascination for the
three Witters: the
first Witters of the Tractatus, the middle Witters, and
the latter Witters.
Operations is a key concept in the early Witters as
Marion shows, and he
learned this from Hintikka.
Raymond M. Smullyan: A Logical Miscellany
Smullyan means a mischmasch. He learned this from
Solomon Feferman: What Kind of Logic Is "Independence Friendly"
We speak of X-friendly figuratively. Logic is not friendly, since
persons are friendly. A logician may be friendy. So a logician who is
independence-friendly is possibly revolutionary, so beware! (Hintikka was
Johan Van Benthem: The Epistemic Logic of IF
Grice laughed at Strawson's account of 'if', for Strawson thought
was doing first-rate ordinary language philosophy (in "Introduction
Logical Theory") and laughed at the fact that logicians's 'if' has
NOTHING to do
with HIS use of 'if'. Hintikka underestimates this polemic
and bases his
games on 'if' -- as a background for his epistemic
Wilfrid Hodges: The Logic of
Hodges wrote a nice little volume on Logic for Penguin.
obsessed with quantifiers: any, each, all. He noted that they
can NOT all be
symbolised, as Grice thinks, by (x). "Each clown can be
funny". But this does
not implicate that "ALL" clows are funny, let alone
that "any clown is
funny" or "every clown is funny". In fact, it may well
be that NO clown is funny.
Gabriel Sandu: Hintikka and
the Fallacies of the New Theory of Reference
By the New Theory of
Reference we mean Ruth Barcan Marcus and Saul Kripke.
Hintikka thought it
was plagued with fallacies. This gave Dennett the idea
to coin 'hintikka':
"We discussed all night, but that did not lead me to
change ONE hintikka
James Higginbotham: The Scope
This is a very important philosopher. Some say that
Higginbotham is no
philosopher, but a linguist, but Hintikka sometimes felt
himself honoured that
he was being treated seriously be linguists! The
fascinated Grice. He developed two theories to deal with
it: the subscript device,
in "Vacuous Names" (in Davidson/Hintikka, "Words
and Objections) and the
square-bracket device: e.g. "[The king of France]
is not bald." IMPLICATES
there is a king of France and we write that
between square bracket and thus
make it immune to criticism: a
presupposition alla Collingwood. This allows
Grice to avoid problems with
Hans Sluga: Jaakko Hintikka (and
Others) on Truth
Sluga is credited by Grice in "Presupposition and
Implicature" for his help in analysing "the king of France
is bald". Sluga, unlike
Hintikka, was Oxonian-educated.
Pascal Engel: Is Truth Effable?
Engel is playing on Witters
for whom truth like the naming of cats is
Engel (not to
be confused with the plural Engels, a dangerous philosopher)
i. truth is effable.
ii. truth is ineffable
Witters would have thought that truth was
effanineffable, but G. E. M.
Anscombe found that hard to
Jan Wolenski: Tarskian and Post-Tarskian
If Popper learned from Tarksi while seating on a bench in Vienna,
Philippe De Rouilhan and Serge
Bozon: The Truth of IF: Has Hintikka Really
D. M. S. Edginton, once professor of metaphysical philosophy at
held that 'if' sentences do not have truth values. Tarski was known
in Polish (his native language). You make the connections. For the
exorcising of curses vide Geary, "Secret Papers".
Martin Kusch: Hintikka on Heidegger and the Universality of
For Heidegger German was a universal language; for Hintikka
Finnish was a
universal language. For Kusch both were!
Patrick Suppes: Hintikka's Generalizations of Logic and their
Suppes taught with Hinitkka at Stanford. Logic
ain't science and science
ain't logic. Logicians play with silly examples
like "All ravens are black".
Scientists, unless you are a biologist (and
play with "Some ravens are
Isaac Levi: Induction, Abduction, and Oracles
delivered the second von Wright lecture on induction. Ab-duction
course a coinage by Peirce. Oracles were heard at Delphi. Levi makes
the proper connections in connection with the War of the Peloponnesus.
Risto Hilpinen: Jaakko Hintikka on Epistemic Logic
Perhaps the most quoted essay by Hintikka is his essay
on knowledge, for
which he uses the symbol "K", as in KAP, KKAP. The second
reads that A knows
that he knows that p.
Epistemology, for Hintikka,
is epistemics, i.e. epistemic logic. And right
Matti Sintonen: From the Logic of Questions to the Logic of
Questions and inquiry have been related since Hobbes. For Hobbes,
scientist asks questions to Nature, and Nature never lies.
Theo A.F. Kuipers: Inductive Aspects of Confirmation, Information,
Hintikka, unlike Popper, was stuck with induction. But
confirmation, information, and content. He was so much into
content that Dennett
coined 'hintikka' to refer to a belief that varies
The sad thing is that it's artist (notably Andy Warhol)
who first and
foremost question art, when they should just sell
The volume concludes with a Bibliography of the Writings of Jaakko
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