What 'implied' can an assertion be? Especially after 2003!
'Hearsay', a substantive use of the phrase to "hear say" (vide "hear") is usually defined as that which one hears (or has heard) someone
Hearsay is information received by word of mouth, usually with the implication that it is
It may be used to mean oral tidings.
Hearsay may be used to mean a report, tradition, rumour, common talk,
The first recorded quotation in English is
1533 G. Du Wes
"Introductorie for to lerne Frenche"
nothyng of it but by here say.
"I know nothing of it but by hearsay."
1556 N. Grimald tr. Cicerone Thre Bks. Duties
i. f. 13v,
I haue nothing, but by hearesaye.
"I have nothing, but by hearsay."
1577 E. Hellowes tr. A. de
Guevara Chron. 315
"Thou speakest by heare~saye, rather then by anye
Thou speakest by hearsay rather than by any experience."
1577 W. Harrison Descr. Eng. (1877) ii. ix. i. 199
"So much as
I have gathered by report and common heare-saie."
So much as I have gathered by report and common hearsay.
1590 R. Harvey Plaine
Percevall sig. C2,
"Heresay is too slender an euidence to spit a mans credit
"Hearsay is too slender an evidence to spit a man's credit upon."
1600 P. Holland tr. Livy Rom. Hist. xxxix. vi. 1026
by bare heeresay were reported to haue beene done."
Things which by bare hearsay were reported to have been done.
1631 W. Gouge Gods Three
Arrowes v. vii. 417
The whole world was made to tremble at the heare-say of
The whole world was made to tremble at the hearsay of them.
1642 D. Rogers Naaman 117
The hearsay of Christ wrought all these
things in them.
a1708 W. Beveridge Thes. Theologicus (1710) II. 298
meerly upon hearsay or tradition.
1761 Gilbert's Law Evidence 112
is good evidence to prove, who is my grandfather, when he married, what children
he had, etc. of which it is not reasonable to presume that I have better
1769 W. Draper in ‘Junius’ Stat Nominis Umbra (1772) I. xxvi.
Is it hearsay; or the evidence of letters, or ocular?
1847 G. P. R.
James John Marston Hall ix,
I gave him stronger proof than mere
b. With a and pl.:
received; a rumour, a piece of gossip.
1642 W. Monson Naval Tracts (1704) iv.
This report seems to be a hearsay of a second person.
Bentley Diss. Epist. Phalaris (new ed.) Introd. 7,
I am ashamed to see a person ... tell such little stories and hear says.
1730 G. Berkeley Let. 7 May
in Wks. (1871) IV. 183
A hearsay, at second or third hand.
Carlyle On Heroes i. 12
Wrappage of traditions, hearsays, mere
1847 H. W. Longfellow Evangeline ii. i. 33
Sometimes a rumour, a
In an attributive way, 'hearsay' is used to mean passing on one side into an adj., on the other giving rise to combinations:
Of the nature of hearsay;
(b) founded or depending upon what one has heard
said, but not within one's direct knowledge, as "hearsay account", "hearsay censure", "hearsay declaration", "hearsay knowledge", "hearsay report", "hearsay rumour", "hearsay
(c) of hearsay, speaking from hearsay, as hearsay author,hearsay babbler,
hearsay witness, †hearsay-man.
1586 Sir P. Sidney Arcadia (1593) i. sig. H3,
Those whose metall stiff he knew he could not bende With hearsay, pictures or
a window looke.
1602 R. Carew Surv. Cornwall i. f. 18v,
I can in these
Tynne cases, plead but a hearsay experience.
1646 Sir T. Browne
Pseudodoxia Epidemica iii. xxv. 171
A hearsay account by Bellonius.
T. Tryon Way to Health 361
These Hearsaymen or Book philosophers, called,
The Learned, are as ignorant as any of the true knowledge of God in
1738 T. Birch Life Milton App., in Milton Wks. I. 94
All the evidence was two hearsay depositions taken in 1642, from persons who were told
so by the common soldiers of the Irish.
1787 M. Cutler Jrnl. 13 July in W.
P. Cutler & J. P. Cutler Life, Jrnls. & Corr. M. Cutler (1888) I. 254
We had both of us a hearsay knowledge of each other.
1814 T. Chalmers
Evid. Christian Revel. i. 44
The report of hearsay witnesses.
1816 S. W.
Singer Researches Hist. Playing Cards 149
To promulgate hearsay
1826 in Sheridaniana 315
The crude opinions of the hearsay
1859 Tennyson Vivien 800 in "Idylls of King".
She blamed herself
for telling hearsay tales.
"hearsay evidence" is evidence consisting in what the witness has
heard others say, or what is commonly said, as to facts of which he has himself
no original or personal knowledge.
1753. W. Stewart in Scots Mag. Mar. 135/1
" Hearsay-evidence is rejected in law."
1768 W. Blackstone Comm. Laws Eng.
iii. (1800) xxiii. 368
"Yet in some cases (as in proof of any general customs,
or matters of common tradition or repute) the courts admit of hearsay
1848 J. J. S. Wharton, Law Lexicon at "hearsay evidence":
exceptions to the general rule of the inadmissibility of hearsay evidence
are (1) dying declarations; (2) hearsay in questions of pedigree; (3) hearsay
on questions of public right, customs, boundaries, [etc.].
1878. W. E. H.
Lecky Hist. Eng. 18th Cent. II. vi. 148
Hearsay evidence of the loosest kind
was freely admitted.
hearsay v. (nonce-wd.) (intr.)
to tell what one has heard; to repeat
1837 T. Carlyle French Revol. III. vi. vii. 391
Men riding and
running, reporting and hearsaying.
hear-saying n. (in
4 hyere zigginge) Obs.
hearsay, report = hearing say at hear v. 3
Ayenbite (1866) 117
He ne may noþing wel conne bote ase me kan þe batayle of
troye be hyere-zigginge.